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In 2015, ANSI/ISEA 107 underwent an extensive overhaul. The new version merges ANSI/ISEA 107-2010 and ANSI/ISEA 207-2011 into a single document that considers all occupations faced with low-visibility hazards, including public safety workers. The changes outlined in the 2015 revision will impact wearers of high-visibility safety apparel (HSVA) across a wide range of industries including construction, oil and gas, and law enforcement, among others. Download the whitepaper to learn how the changes to ANSI/ISEA 107 affect your safety program.
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Arc flash is a dangerous reality for those who work in the electrical industries. Since arc flash incidents cannot be predicted, it’s important that workers wear personal protective equipment (PPE) at all times. This whitepaper discusses how a layered system can protect workers while providing comfort and safety.
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The Bulwark Protection experts help you and your team to stay up to date on the sea of standards, regulations and hazards your industry faces including:
Laboratory workers are often exposed to an abundance of flammable and combustible liquids that pose the risk of burn injury. Employers that implement a PPE program that’s specific to lab hazards will help protect workers and labs from the outcomes of serious injuries from exposure to these hazards. This whitepaper provides employers with information on the uses and benefits of FR/CP and CP lab coats.
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When it comes to FR, the answer is: more than you might think. Even after assessing hazard risks and selecting the appropriate FR clothing, it also falls on the employer to ensure that each garment truly matches the hazard it’s designed to protect against. That’s why it’s especially important to identify proper labeling on the part of the manufacturer as an indicator that the garment is, indeed, fully compliant.
Read on to learn what to look for on your FR labels.
NFPA® and ASTM labeling requirements are strict, but not everyone follows the rules. Fraudulently labeled FR garments can often be identified by their violation of the standards. According to ASTM F1506 6.3, FR garments must be labeled with the following information:
6.3.1 Meets requirements of Performance Specification F1506
6.3.2 Manufacturer’s Name
6.3.3 Fabric Identifier
6.3.4 Garment Tracking and Identification Code
6.3.5 Size and other associated standard labeling
6.3.6 Care instructions and fiber content
6.3.7 Arc rating (ATPV) or arc rating (Ebt)
220.127.116.11 When garments are made with a different number of fabric layers in different areas of the garment, the arc rating for each area shall be designated. Pockets, trim, closures, seams, labels, and heraldry shall not be considered as extra layers.
That’s a lot of label, but it shows specific compliance, as opposed to labels that are misleading or omit critical information.
NFPA 2112, Chapter 4 provides clear requirements for shirts, pants, coveralls and outerwear. In addition to bearing the mark of the 3rd party certifier, the following words and the edition of the standard must appear on the label of a certified garment:
“This garment meets the requirements of NFPA 2112, Standard on Flame-Resistant Garments for the Protection of Industrial Personnel against Flash Fire, 2012 Edition. NFPA 2113 requires upper and lower body coverage.”
Beware of subtle changes in wording on the label that claim to meet a portion of the standard, but do not meet all requirements. For example, the following language does not meet the requirements of NFPA 2112:
“This garment meets the performance requirements of NFPA 70E-2009, ASTM F1506-02ae1, NFPA 2112-2007.”
There’s one more way to be sure your FR gear is fully compliant: Visit the UL website, where you can query to ensure that the garment has, in fact, been certified by UL.
While it may seem nitpicky, these standards for FR labeling are very important. They are designed to protect the FR provider and FR wearer from purchasing and wearing fraudulent FR garments, which do not meet the minimum requirements of FR safety.
Make a habit of reading your labels. Because when it comes to protecting yourself and your crew from the hazards associated with the job, you can never be too careful.
The work you and your team accomplish is tough – and the weather doesn’t always cooperate. That’s why it’s important to be dressed properly while on the job, especially as winter approaches. Our FR experts give their top five tips when it comes to choosing the right FR outerwear, so you can prepare for the cold weather.
Knowing your hazard should be at the top of your list when choosing FR ¬— no matter what type of garment you’re selecting. Choose FR clothing that meets or exceeds all relevant safety standards per your hazard assessment, such as ASTM 1506, NFPA 2112 and NFPA 70E.
When your guys need to work outside, layering is key for staying warm. But layers need to be safe and compliant first and foremost. You need to think about the fabric for each item and ensure the FR/AR integrity of each layer. The best solution for maximizing both safety and comfort is to choose FR layers specifically designed to wick moisture, including FR base layers.
Breathability and Moisture Management
Overheating and perspiring are not only uncomfortable but also potentially dangerous. FR outerwear that is made from moisture-wicking fabrics helps to prevent chilling and hypothermia. You should also look for breathable layers to prevent overheating and to reduce trapped moisture.
Ease of Movement
Mobility is key while performing tasks out in the field. Tight clothing reduces blood circulation. It’s important to look for clothing that allows for ease of movement. Look for product features like pleats and gussets to provide maximum range of motion.
Even the smallest of details can make a huge difference in the performance of FR outerwear. Features like water-resistant finishes, comfort-enhancing knit cuffs, zip-in hoods and elastic waistbands can improve the functionality of FR outerwear.
When the forecast calls for cold weather make sure your guys are armed with the right FR outerwear for all-day comfort and protection.
To learn more about Bulwark’s extensive collection of FR outerwear, get in touch with a sales rep today.
What is ATPV, and how is it used in your hazard assessment?
Put simply, ATPV—Arc Thermal Performance Value—is the most commonly reported test result of the effectiveness of FR clothing. It measures the amount of incident energy that your FR garment can protect you from before the onset of a 2nd degree burn. And the FR garments in your safety program must meet or exceed the Incident Energy required based on your hazard assessment. But it’s a bit more complicated than that.
To better understand ATPV, let’s start with an overview of two main concepts: The Stoll Curve and Arc Ratings.
The Stoll Curve
The Stoll Curve is the predictive model used to measure the probability of burn injury. It quantifies the heat levels and exposure times that result in a second-degree burn, including high temperature exposure for a short time and low temperature exposure for a much longer duration.
An arc rating is the protection level afforded by an FR fabric when exposed to an electric arc. The arc rating of a fabric is determined by exposing the fabric to a staged electrical arc. In real life, arc behavior can be unpredictable, so the testing requires samples be exposed to a “controlled” arc utilizing the ASTM 1959 standard.
That brings us to ATPV (Arc Thermal Performance Value), which is a type of arc rating. The ATPV of an FR garment indicates that you have a 50% chance of the onset of a 2nd degree burn if exposed to an electric arc with the same calories of incident energy. The fabric will usually not break open unless exposed to incident energy levels higher than the arc rating.
So why is ATPV important? Think about it this way:
Let’s go back to what ATPV measures:
The amount of incident energy that your FR garment can protect you from before the onset of a 2nd degree burn.
Why is that important?
• By definition, second-degree burns cause a blistering, blisters can break the skin (that’s why the test is designed around 2nd degree burns).
•One of the pathways to infection is broken skin.
• One of the causes of death in burn victims is infection.
When you think about it that way, matching the ATPV of the FR garments in your safety program to the value required by your hazard assessment is not just a matter of meeting the standards. For your guys, it can be the only thing that stands between them and a potentially life-threatening burn hazard.
To learn more about ATPV and Arc Ratings, download our whitepaper: Understanding Arc Ratings